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KNEE PAIN

Impact Orthopaedics is renowned for using cutting edge technology in diagnosis and treatment of knee pain.

 

What is Knee Pain?

Knee pain is a condition of discomfort of the knee which may cause mild to severe pains in the patient often hindering him from performing his daily activities.

Emergency Cases

+91 95534 51000

Your treatment plan is designed for steady progress, with every phase promptly implemented.

Emergency Cases

+91 95534 51000

Your treatment plan is designed for steady progress, with every phase promptly implemented.

What are the conditions of knee that causes Knee Pain?

The knee is the area which joins bones of the thigh and the legs. It also has a bone specific to the area called knee cap along with other muscles, tissues, cartilage and bursae. The most common causes of knee pain are as follows:

  • Knee Arthritis: This may be caused by wear and tear of the knee cartilage called osteoarthritis or by an autoimmune disease called Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Knee Ligament Injuries : Caused by blow to the knees or due to performance of high energy work
  • Torn Knee Cartilages (Meniscus):  Caused by wear and tear especially among the aged
  • Patellar Tendonitis and Tear : This is inflammation in the knee, most common among sportsmen. It is caused by tearing of the tendon due to repetitive usage of the knee in a certain posture
  • Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: This is most common among young adults and is usually caused by vigorous activities that put stress on the knee
  • Chondromalacia Patella: This is the result of overuse of the knee or an injury, causing the cartilate behind the knee cap to soften and wear away
  • Baker’s Cyst: Also caused by meniscus, it is a swelling in the back of the knee joint which causes a sense of tightening
  • Prepatellar Bursitis: Inflammation of the  bursae present in and around the bones and tissues in the knee joint
  • Iliotibial Band Syndrome: Inflammation of the thick fibre collection that run along the outside of the thigh
  • Some other rare causes of knee pain are: Dislocation of Kneecap, Gout, Plica Syndrome, Osgood-Schlatter Disease, Osteochondritis Dissecans, Knee Joint Infection, Kneecap Fracture, Bone Tumor

 

How can the causes of Knee Pain be diagnosed?

Many knee conditions can be diagnosed by checking of the physical condition of the knee area as well as the movements associated with it such as the range of its motion, stability, knee pain causing activities,  swellings, etc.

The medical history of the patient also helps in determining the cause of the knee pain.

Other diagnostic methods include:

  • Blood tests: To check the presence of bacteria, anti-bodies, uric acid crystals, etc which cause infections and inflammation
  • X-Ray: Used for detecting of  abnormalities in the bone structure such as fractures  
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computerized Tomography (CT)Scan: This gives a clearer picture of the  abnormalities on bones, the muscles, tissues and space between them

 

What are the treatments to relieve Knee Pain?

Treatment of the knee pain, based on the diagnostic reports can range from oral medication to surgeries. The kind of treatments are listed below:

  • Rest:  Sometimes, this is the only remedy for the knee pain
  • Ice : Applying a pack of ice for 15-20 minutes for a few days in the affected area can relieve the pain
  • Support: A knee brace for knee stability or a cast for knee-cap fractures may be recommended
  • Oral Medicine and / or injections: These are recommended in the event of mild pains which do not require any physical treatment  
  • Surgery: Surgeries are recommended only in the cases of advanced knee osteoarthritis, Chronic knee dislocation, Anterior and posterior cruciate ligament injuries, Certain knee fractures, Infected knee joints requiring surgical drainage

 

Dr. RATNAKAR RAO

Dr. RATNAKAR RAO

MEDICAL DOCTOR

MBBS & M.S (Orthopedics) AMC AR Fellowship – NUHS, Singapore.

Orthopedic & Joint Replacement Surgeon

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